Every year, millions of people diagnosed with migraine headaches. Often these headaches caused by a disorder of the jaw joint causing improper jaw alignment.
Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
Frequent moderate to severe headache pain occurring more than once a month may be related to Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJD). Chronic migraine sufferers who have been unable to control their headaches with prescription drugs often find relief from TMJ therapies. Interestingly, several of the symptoms of migraine headaches are also symptoms of TMJD.
TMJ disorders occur due to misalignment of the jaws and teeth. The misalignment leads to intense pain as it causes displacement of the cartilage in the lower jaw and also severe pressure on the nerves. Common symptoms of both TMJD and migraine diagnoses include chronic drug-resistant headaches, dizziness, neck pain, sensitivity to light, ringing in the ears, and generalized acute pain and tension of the head, jaw, neck, and shoulders. Some migraine patients have suffered for years and spent incredible amounts of money on MRIs, medications and also countless other therapies with no relief. Some easy and inexpensive TMJ treatments often prove helpful in these cases.
How Do I Know If I Have TMJD?
Approximately 25% of the U.S. population has some variation of TMJ disorder. The majority of those are women of childbearing age. Most people who have TMJD go undiagnosed since their symptoms often mimic other conditions (such as migraines). Unfortunately, doctors often provide treatments that only address symptom control and do not correct the problem itself.
The most common symptom of TMJD is pain. The pain often begins as a mild ache in or near the jaw joint, ear, temple area, also neck, and shoulders, and worsens over time as the actual structure of the joint can become damaged. Other signs include jaw, neck, and facial muscle stiffness or tension, a limited range of motion or “locking” of the jaw, painful popping or clicking in the jaw joint, ear pressure or pain, hearing problems, dizziness and vision problems.
Chronic moderate to severe headaches are a major symptom of TMJ disorder. Headaches that are focused behind the eyes, near the temples, around the jaw and ears, or at the back of the head in the area of the neck and shoulders are TMJ-related, as is generalized severe pain affecting the entire head and neck.
Discomfort of the jaw joint
The occasional discomfort of the jaw joint or muscles is not uncommon and is not usually cause for alarm. However, severe pain that doesn’t go away on its own over time or by treatment with over-the-counter pain relievers should be examined by a doctor. Speak with your doctor or dentist about your symptoms and how they relate to the possibility of TMJD. There is currently no standard test for diagnosing TMJD. A doctor will examine your head, face, neck, and jaw, consider your symptoms, may provide tests to rule out other possible causes, and can provide useful information and advice. A diagnosis may not be possible until every other possibility has been rejected.
TMJD Headache Treatments
There are many options for treating TMJ-related pain and headaches. Most of them are easy and free or very inexpensive and are worth a try for easing severe headache pain that won’t respond to other treatments.
One of the main causes of TMJ headache pain is teeth-grinding, which tends to occur most often at night. Wear a mouthguard when you sleep to help stop grinding and clenching your teeth. An inexpensive football mouthguard will work just fine, just be sure to get one that you can heat in hot water and shape it to fit your teeth. The youth size guards fit most adults and are more comfortable to wear overnight. Countless other high-tech options are available.
Stretching and strengthening exercises
Stretching and strengthening exercises for the jaw muscles are also helpful. Stretch your jaw by opening it as wide as you can several times throughout the day. Stretching of the entire upper body area recommended: focus on neck, arms, and shoulders. Paying attention to good posture will help relieve pain as well.
Try to lower your stress level. Stress compounds the TMJ headache issue by causing muscle tension and fatigue. Stress also causes most TMJ sufferers to clench and grind their teeth more frequently, and clenching is a main cause of headaches. Try to cultivate an awareness of your stress level and be sure you aren’t unconsciously clenching during times of stress, frustration, or exhaustion. Try a hot bath, deep breathing, yoga, meditation, or a nap; these are all effective stress-relievers.
Massage can be extremely helpful in reducing tension and loosening tight muscles. Gently press on the areas around the jaw including the shoulders, neck, and face. This will help you locate the painful areas. Using firm, short strokes, massage these areas several times a day for a few minutes each time. Focus on the muscles located on each side of the jaw by placing your thumb inside your mouth and pressing on the muscle located at the jaw joint in the back of the mouth. Use your index finger to massage the same spot on the outside of the mouth.
Small dietary changes can also produce major TMJ relief. The consistency of the foods you eat has a direct effect on TMJ pain. Also try not to overwork your jaw muscles by eating chewy or hard foods or candies, and discontinue chewing gum. Chew as little as possible and try to eat only soft foods for a period to relieve jaw tension.
Several recent medical studies have found that both TMJ and chronic headaches linked to a deficiency of calcium and especially magnesium. Specifically, early symptoms of magnesium deficiency include muscle aches, muscle spasms, twitching muscles, leg cramps, fatigue, headaches and migraines, severe PMS, chronic constipation, and insulin resistance, among other disorders.
Calcium is also necessary for proper muscle and nerve function. But calcium itself is known to be a muscle contractor, so do not take a calcium supplement alone. Calcium should be taken with magnesium supplement as this may exacerbate TMJ symptoms. Often calcium, magnesium, and zinc combined into a balanced, single supplement.
Magnesium is also available in an externally-applied formula, commonly referred to as “magnesium oil.” It comes in liquid form and may be sprayed or applied directly to the jaw muscles, absorbing through the skin. Many TMJ patients have had almost instantaneous relief with these types of magnesium products.
Make an appointment to see your doctor. Your doctor is qualified to diagnose and also treat a range of TMJ disorders and can provide information and advice. He may refer you for dental exam and can help you and your dentist to focus on the most promising treatment plan for relieving TMJ related headaches.